Easter Island, known also as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants, is a small, hilly and treeless island of volcanic origin. The island was christened as Easter Island by Dutch explorers in honor of the day of their arrival in 1722. Easter Island’s most famous features are its enormous stone statues called moai. An array of almost 900 giant stone figures date back many centuries. The statues reveal their creators to be master craftsmen and engineers, and are distinctive among other stone sculptures found in Polynesian cultures. There has been much speculation about the exact purpose of the statues, the role they played in the ancient civilization of Easter Island and the way they may have been constructed and transported. Enormous stone figures created an unrivalled cultural landscape that continues to fascinate people throughout the world.