The Vatican City is one of the most sacred places in Christendom. It is the home of Popes and the Holy See. The State of the Vatican City is a walled enclave which is situated within the city of Rome. It's the smallest country in the world by both population and area. Its walls are 3.2 km long and they enclose a territory of about 0.44 square kilometers. Vatican City is home to about 1000 residents and none of them are permanent. This small portion of land has very rich cultural significance. World famous St. Peter's Basilica, the largest religious building in the world, and the Sistine Chapel are both Vatican's marvels. Vatican City is also a tourist magnet thanks to the presence of the Vatican Museums with unique collections of artistic, historical and cultural masterpieces.