Luang Prabang is an ancient town, one of the most charming and well-preserved towns in Southeast Asia. Luang Prabang consists of 34 Buddhist temples, as well as other Chinese and colonial architectural structures. This rich concoction of cultural and historical sites is set on a lush mountainous backdrop. Luang Prabang is an outstanding example of the fusion of traditional architecture and Lao urban structures with those built by the European colonial authorities in the 19th and 20th centuries. Its unique, remarkably well-preserved townscape illustrates a key stage in the blending of these two distinct cultural traditions. Luang Prabang is located at the heart of a mountainous region. The town is built on a peninsula formed by the Mekong and the Nam Khan River. Mountain ranges encircle the city in lush greenery.